DBT Skills Sets : In DBT the individual learns skills through skills training groups and individual sessions. In these sessions there is no focus on therapeutic issues; the focus is solely on learning the skills and practicing them so that they can be used in everyday life. There are fours skills sets learned in DBT: Emotional Regulation, Interpersonal Effectiveness Skills, Mindfulness Skills, and Distress Tolerance Skills.
I. Emotional Regulation Skills: These skills assist the person in understanding emotions, reducing emotional vulnerability, decreasing emotional suffering and to change by acting opposite to painful emotions.
II. Interpersonal skills: Interpersonal skills are guidelines for effectiveness in self respect, relationships and achieving objectives and goals. III. Mindfulness skills: Mindfulness skills are described as what and how skills. They assist the person in learning to observe, describe and participate in the world around them. The individual learns to do this in a focused, non judgmental and effective manner.
IV.Distress tolerance: Distress tolerance skills are crisis survival strategies and guidelines for accepting the reality of what is happening in the moment. Theses skills are learned in group or individual sessions, and reinforced during individual therapy and phone consultation. In crisis situations the individual can contact their therapist for assistance in utilizing their skills in the moment.